Oral pathology are diseases that affect the soft tissues inside your mouth, including your gums, tongue, and the insides of your cheeks. If you notice ulcers or discoloration, contact Fairfield Oral Surgery and Implantology for expert diagnosis and treatment. The surgeons have many years of experience in diagnosing and treating oral diseases, including cancer. Call the practice or make an appointment online today.
What is oral pathology?
The soft tissue inside of your mouth should be smooth with a bright coral-pink color. Any abnormality could be a sign of oral pathology, also referred to as oral disease. While oral cancer is the most potentially dangerous oral pathology, other diseases include:
- Herpes and other viral infections
- Candida and other fungal infections
- Erythema multiforme
- Aphthous stomatitis
What are the warning signs of oral disease?
Some of the common warning signs of oral pathology include:
- Sores or ulcers that don’t heal
- Red or white patches
- Thickening of the tissue
- Lumps and bumps
- Chronic sore throat
- Problems swallowing
Autoimmune conditions and immunodeficiency disorders increase your risk of noncancerous oral pathologies. If you notice any of these symptoms, make an appointment for assessment and diagnosis right away.
How are oral pathology diagnosed?
Your oral and maxillofacial surgeon provides a comprehensive exam to diagnose the cause of the abnormal tissue in your mouth. They ask about your overall health and if you’ve had any other symptoms.
If they find a suspicious patch or lump, your surgeon may take a biopsy for further testing. A biopsy is a small sample of cells that is sent to a lab to test for cancer and other diseases.
How are oral pathology treated?
Treatment depends on the type of oral pathology your surgeon diagnoses. For example, when possible, they perform an excision procedure to remove cancer. However, if you have a fungal or viral infection, they may prescribe medication to clear the infection. Some viruses, such as herpes, don’t have a cure, but your surgeon can provide advice and medicine to help you control your condition and reduce your risk of breakouts.